Determining your tax rates
Washington's Unemployment Insurance program is an experience-based system. In general, your tax rate depends on how much your former workers collect in unemployment benefits and the size of your payroll.
There are two major components of state unemployment taxes, an experience-rating tax based on an average of the employer's layoff history over the past four fiscal years and a shared-cost (social) tax based on costs from the previous year that can't be attributed to a specific employer.
Employers with delinquent tax bills also may receive a range of delinquent-tax rates. The lowest delinquent-tax rate for experienced employers in 2023 is 1.25%, and the highest is 8.15%.
Recent tax relief
Tax-rate factors may affect your employer taxes
2023 Tax rate table for employers
Average tax rates
The 2023 average tax rate is 1.43%
The average tax rate in recent years has been:
Tax rate notices
Your tax rate for the following year is sent out in December and applies for the entire calendar year.
Additional tax rate information
2023 tax rates
Review the 2023 tax rate table (.pdf) for qualified and delinquent employers.
Calculate your tax rate
You can use our online calculators to figure out your tax rate. Use this calculator (.xls) if you have your taxable wages and benefit charges for the last four years.
If you are a new employer or haven't been in business long enough, you won't have enough "experience" to get your own tax rate. Instead, you will be assigned a rate based on your industry. For 2023, new employers will pay 90 percent of the average rate for all businesses in their respective industries, with the minimum rate being 1.00% as set by federal law.
You must send all past-due taxes and/or late reports to us by Sept. 30 to avoid a delinquent tax rate for the following year.
If you owe taxes and cannot make full payment, contact the collections unit by emailing email@example.com for setting up a payment plan. If your payment plan is approved before Sept. 30, you will receive your earned tax rate for the following year, rather than the delinquent rate.
Relevant rules and laws
- General tax rates
- Delinquent-tax rates
- Tax rates for new employers
- Tax rates for predecessor and successor employers