Grays Harbor County profile

Washington state map with Grays Harbor county highlightedby Jim Vleming, regional labor economist - updated December 2017

Overview | Geographic facts | Outlook | Labor force and unemployment | Industry employment | Wages and income | Population | Useful links | PDF Profile copy

Overview

Regional context

Grays Harbor County, established in 1854, is bounded to its west by the Pacific Ocean. The Quinault Tribe and several other tribes lived along the coastal area. They were decimated by disease from European contact. The 1850s brought many settlers. The major industries were logging, milling and timber exports.

Local economy

The 1920s brought a long slow decline in the wood products industry including a housing market crash during the Great Depression. Weyerhaeuser planted its first tree farm in 1941 in anticipation of the need to replace old-growth harvests. But local mills suffered further declines from the 1960s on, with Asian mills outbidding them for logs. This was followed by federal logging restrictions due to threats to the spotted owl and salmon. Fishing and clamming, once important to the county’s economy, also deteriorated based on depleted stocks.

In 2000, employment opportunities came in the form of the Stafford Creek prison, which employs close to 600 staff, and the Quinault Tribe casino and resort complex which opened at Ocean Shores. Charter fishing and ocean beaches continue to bring in tourists. Currently, the majority of firms and employment are in services sector industries.

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Geographic facts

(Source: U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts)

Grays Harbor County Rank in state
 Land area, 2010 (square miles) 1,902.3  15 
 Persons per square mile, 2010 38.3  19 

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Outlook

The outlook for 2018 continues to be guarded as the county struggles to get back to pre recession employment levels. The unemployment rates continue to fall but non farm job growth has been mixed and hard to sustain. Look for this trend to continue into the New Year.

The Port of Grays Harbor continues to expand its lines of business including increased log exports, a new compressed natural gas (CNG) facility, and a proposed crude oil facility. Tourism facilities are still beginning to be developed and tourism has been identified as a major player with efforts being made for impactful tourism efforts... Important tourism destinations include Westport, Ocean Shores and Seabrook.

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Labor force and unemployment

(Source: Employment Security Department)

Current labor force and unemployment statistics are available on the Labor area summaries page.

The average annual unemployment rate in Grays Harbor County has been on a decline year-over-year since 2011, when it reached 13.6 percent. In the first ten months of 2017 the figure is 7.1 percent. The annual average in 2016 was 8.7 percent, and while winter’s seasonal influence will take these numbers higher, the base will remain lower signaling a better spring in 2018 than over the course of the last several years.

Historical data indicates that the civilian labor force continues to rebound in the county as totals are again closing in on 28,000 after dipping below 27,000 in 2015.

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Industry employment

(Source: Employment Security Department)

Current industry employment statistics are available on the Labor area summaries page.

Nonfarm employment declined year-over-year from 2007 through 2013. It started to turn around in 2014, which showed a 0.6 percent growth rate (130 jobs) compared to 2013. The first ten months of 2017 have averaged 22,820 jobs, a 600 job improvement over 2016. Service-providing industries account for the majority of jobs, with state and local government being the top employer. Trade, transportation and utilities account for the next highest employment sector with education and health services in third position.

Nonfarm job growth in the county has been less than impressive, and the last three years have seen nonfarm jobs vary in a 21,680 to 22,820 range. Most sectors of the local economy remain below or close to their pre-recession levels.

For historical industry employment data, contact an economist.


Industry employment by age and gender

(Source: The Local Employment Dynamics)

The Local Employment Dynamics (LED) database, a joint project of state employment departments and the U.S. Census Bureau, matches state employment data with federal administrative data. Among the products is industry employment by age and gender. All workers covered by state unemployment insurance data are included; federal workers and non-covered workers, such as the self-employed, are not. Data is presented by place of work, not place of residence. Some highlights:

In 2016, the largest jobholder age group in Grays Harbor County was the 55 and older age category, making up 26.5 percent of employment across all industries. The next largest share was among persons aged 45 to 54 with 21.6 percent of employment.

  • In 2016, the county’s workers mirrored state patterns with workers ages 14 to 24 dominating services jobs in the county including food service, arts, entertainment and recreation and retail trade.
  • Workers in the 45 year and older age category were prevalent in utilities, educational services, transportation and warehousing, and management of companies.

Females made up 50.1 percent of the labor force in Grays Harbor County with males making up 49.9 percent in 2016.

  • Male-dominated industries included construction (84.2 percent), manufacturing (79.6 percent), wholesale trade (74.3) and transportation and warehousing (77.8 percent).
  • Female-dominated industries included finance and insurance (81 percent), healthcare and social assistance (80.2 percent) and educational services (70.8 percent).
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Wages and income

(Source: Employment Security Department; Bureau of Labor Statistics; Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey)

In 2015, there were 22,206 jobs in Grays Harbor County covered by unemployment insurance, with a total payroll of over $845.1 million.

The average annual wage in 2016 was $38,058, well below the state’s average annual wage of $59,073. The median hourly wage in 2016 was $19.32, below the state’s median hourly wage of $23.91.

Personal income

Personal income includes earned income, investment income and government payments such as Social Security and Veterans Benefits. Investment income includes income imputed from pension funds and from owning a home. Per capita personal income equals total personal income divided by the resident population.

In 2015, the county’s per capita personal income was $35,625, less than the state ($51,898) and the nation ($48,112).

According to the U.S. Census, household income in 2015 was $44,122 in Grays Harbor County.

In 2015, Grays Harbor County’s poverty rate of 14 percent was above Washington state’s rate of 12.2 percent and the nation’s rate of 14.7 percent, according to U.S Census Bureau QuickFacts. The state and national rates are not directly comparable to the county rate because they each use different data sources.

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Population

(Source: U.S. Census Bureau)

Grays Harbor County’s population was forecast to be 72,970 in 2017, up slightly from the 2010 Census count of 72,797.

In 2017 the largest city in Grays Harbor County is Aberdeen (16,740), followed by Hoquiam (8,560) and Ocean Shores (6,055). The fourth largest city in the county is Montesano with a population of 4,120.


Population facts

(Source: U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts)

Grays Harbor County Washington state
 Population 2017 72,820  7,061,530 
 Population 2010 72,797  6,724,543 
 Percent change, 2010 to 2017 0.2%  5.0% 

Age, gender and ethnicity

(Source: U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts)

  • The persons under 18 years of age made up 20.8 percent of the 2016 population.
  • The group 65 years and over made up 20.2 percent of the population.
  • The youngest age group, those under 5 years, made up 5.5 percent of the population in 2016.
  • Females made up 48.7 percent of the county’s population compared to the state at 50.0 percent in 2016.
  • Grays Harbor County is less diverse than the state or nation, according to the 2016 data, as nearly 87.4 percent of the population is counted as white.
  • The largest minority grouping in the county was the Hispanic or Latino group at 9.9 percent, followed by the American Indian and Alaska Native category accounted at 5.5 percent of the population in 2016.


Demographics

(Source: U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts)

Grays Harbor County Washington state
 Population by age, 2016
Under 5 years old 5.5%  6.2% 
Under 18 years old 20.8%  22.4% 
65 years and older 20.2%  14.8% 
 Females, 2016 48.7%  50.0% 
 Race/ethnicity, 2016
White 87.4%  80.0% 
Black 1.4%  4.1% 
American Indian, Alaskan Native 5.5%  1.9% 
Asian, Native Hawaiian, Other Pacific Islander 1.8%  9.4% 
Hispanic or Latino, any race 9.9%  12.4% 

Educational attainment

(Source: U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts)

In the county, 88.2 percent of persons age 25 or older were high school graduates, compared to 90.6 percent statewide during the period 2012 - 2016. The numbers holding a Bachelor’s degree or higher were 15.3 percent compared to the states 33.6 percent.

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Useful links

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