COVID-19 information for workers
Federal unemployment stimulus
The federal stimulus bill that extends CARES Act unemployment benefits was signed into law.
- Extends Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) and Pandemic Employment Unemployment Compensation (PEUC) until Sept. 4, 2021.
- Continues the additional $300 per week for all eligible claimants until Sept. 4, 2021. By federal law, all claimants who are eligible for at least $1 each week will get this benefit, except those receiving Training Benefits. The $300 is in addition to claimants’ usual weekly benefit amount.
At this time, we do not expect most claimants to experience a gap in benefits as long as they remain eligible and continue to submit weekly claims.
For now, claimants should:
- Continue filing weekly claims.
- Watch for updates on this page, via email, social media and messages in eServices.
- Please try not to call our Unemployment Claims Center with questions—call volume remains very high. Find the latest information on this page and in the Q&As below.
(Updated March 11, 2021)
This page is updated frequently. Check back for the latest information.
Q&As on this page:
• CARES Act benefit extensions
• I have been exposed to COVID-19
• My work has changed because of COVID-19
• My existing claim has been impacted
• School closures
• I lost my job and I’m enrolled in college or career school
Extends Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) through the week ending Sept. 4, 2021. Previously, PUA was set to expire on March 13, 2021.
Extends Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC) through the week ending Sept. 4, 2021. Previously, PEUC was set to expire on March 13, 2021.
Provides new Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation (FPUC) benefits. FPUC pays an additional $300 per week for eligible claimants. This extra money applies only to claimants eligible for benefits from the week ending Jan. 2, 2021 to the week ending Sept. 4, 2021. See the Q&A below about the extra $300.
CARES Act extensions
How do the latest CARES Act extensions affect unemployment benefits?
This latest federal stimulus, called the American Rescue Plan, extends two unemployment programs created under the CARES Act – Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) and Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC).
It also maintains the Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation (FPUC) amount at $300 per week for all claimants (except those receiving Training Benefits).
When will the benefit extensions expire?
This federal stimulus measure adds weeks to PUA, PEUC and FPUC. These benefits will expire the week ending Sept. 4, 2021.
When will the additional weeks and funds be added to my claim?
Additional weeks and funds will be added to your PUA and PEUC claims after March 19, 2021. You'll receive a new monetary determination letter and the benefit year end will be updated.
Remember: The federal stimulus only extends PUA, PEUC and the +$300 per week. It does not extend EB or UI. If you are nearing the end of your UI benefits, apply for PEUC in eServices. If you are on EB, continue to file your weekly claims and you can be eligible for the additional weeks of PEUC.
Will I have a gap in benefit payments while ESD implements the new extensions?
Why haven’t I received my PUA benefits for the week ending Dec. 26, 2020?
On Dec. 31, 2020, we verified an issue that caused delayed payments for some claimants receiving Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA). The issue is being corrected and PUA claimants should see their status go to “Paid” the evening of Dec. 31.
When the federal stimulus was not signed into law before PUA benefits expired, we had to re-program the system to stop payment at their expiration. In this programing, an error occurred that prevented payments from processing on PUA claims for the week ending Dec. 26. We were unable to immediately verify the error. This issue is being fixed the evening of Dec. 31, and eligible claimants will be in “Paid” status. Funds will be available as soon as your bank processes the payment. More information is available in this alert.
I am receiving PEUC but applied for Extended Benefits (EB) when I was prompted to because PEUC was expiring. Now that it isn’t expiring, will my EB application affect my benefits?
Submitting an application for EB will not affect your PEUC benefits this week or moving forward. Just submit your weekly claims as usual and look out for more information soon from us in eServices. If you are nearing the end of the 13 weeks of PEUC and are still eligible, you will receive the extra weeks allowed under the latest benefit extensions.
Why is there a new alert telling me to “apply for a COVID-19 PUA claim” in my eServices account?
You do not need to click the link, but it is not a problem if you did click the link and fill out a new application. The link appeared because the new federal stimulus was signed into law after the PUA & PEUC programs expired, and we needed it to reprogram our computer system. Your benefits will not be affected as long as you continue to submit your weekly claim this week as usual. This link will go away soon when we update the system.
Will I experience a gap in my benefits between the time the CARES Act expired and the first CARES Act extensions took effect?
Most claimants receiving PUA and PEUC will not experience any gap in their benefits. However, we are still awaiting guidance from the U.S. Department of Labor to fully implement this new law. Keep checking our COVID-19 page for the most up-to-date information. If you are a PUA claimant, also see the question about a payment gap in the section below.
What should I do if I’m currently receiving benefits from any benefit programs: Regular unemployment, PUA, PEUC or EB?
The best thing you can do is to keep submitting your weekly claims. That will put you in the best position to receive the benefit extensions once we’ve implemented the changes. We’ll have more info and instructions for you soon.
What should I do if I’ve already used up all my benefits?
Keep submitting your weekly claims, even though you might have exhausted all benefits on your claim. Our computer system will automatically send you a notice saying that you won’t receive benefits because your claim is expired, but please be patient. We understand your situation. We’re working with the U.S. Department of Labor to answer your question. As soon as possible, we will reach out to you directly and provide updates on our website and through social media.
In the meantime, keep checking our COVID-19 page for the most up-to-date information.
When will I start receiving the extra $300 per week?
We started processing the first payment on Jan. 14, 2021, for the weeks ending Jan. 2 and Jan. 9, if you were eligible to receive benefits for those weeks. If your claim is still being processed for those weeks, we will pay you the extra $300 when we determine you are eligible to receive benefits for those weeks. We will include future payments with your normal unemployment benefits, until the program ends the week ending Sept. 4, 2021. You’ll receive each payment as soon as your bank processes it, which takes a few days after we make the payment.
Are PUA overpayments eligible for waivers?
With the passing of the Continued Assistance for Unemployed Workers Act of 2020, PUA overpayments are now eligible for waiver consideration. You do not need to request a waiver. Those who are potentially eligible for a waiver will be sent a questionnaire that we will use to determine waiver eligibility. There is a large number of PUA overpayments we need to review before sending the questionnaire and it may take us most of 2021 to do this.
I already ran out of PUA. Do I still get the extra weeks?
Yes. Continue to submit weekly claims and, if you remain eligible for the programs, you will get additional weeks of benefits.
Important to note: We can’t pay you for weeks you claimed between the time you ran out of benefits and the date the new federal stimulus took effect. Your extra weeks start the week after the new stimulus takes effect. That means, even if you kept submitting weekly claims after your benefits expired, some of those weeks you submitted will not be payable. Those non-paid weeks will show as Processing in eServices.
Will I still receive the one-time $550 payment that Gov. Inslee announced on Dec. 27?
- You submitted a Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) claim for benefits for the week ending Nov 21, 2020, and
- We paid you for that week on or before Dec. 24.
See the Pandemic Relief Payment page for more information.
Will I experience a gap in my PUA benefit payments?
No. We will continue paying you for each week you're eligible without a break. You don't need to reapply. Just keep submitting your weekly claims.
If you ran out of benefits before Dec. 26, 2020 (when the CARES Act expired), we can't pay you benefits for any weeks between then and when the first CARES Act extensions took effect. For example, if your PUA benefits ran out on the week ending Dec. 19, we are not permitted to pay you benefits for the week ending Dec. 26. You can submit weekly claims for the weeks ending Jan. 2 and after, until the latest extension ends on Sept. 4, 2021. We will pay you for those weeks as long as you remain eligible.
How do I submit a PUA weekly claim if my claim looks grayed out in eServices and says it’s expired?
This is temporary as we work through the new CARES Act legislation. You should continue submitting your weekly PUA claims by clicking on the alert in eServices that says "You have a weekly PUA claim to file." Your PUA claim account status will change back to active as soon as we are able to update the system.
How long can I receive PUA or PEUC benefits under the Act?
If you remain eligible for PUA or PEUC and still have weeks available on your claim, you can receive benefits until the week ending Sept. 4, 2021. We are waiting for additional guidance from the U.S. Department of Labor about additional weeks of benefits.
Regular unemployment insurance
I’m receiving regular unemployment benefits. Do the new CARES Act extensions affect me?
Yes. As long as you remain eligible, you’ll receive the extra $300 in weekly benefits. We will issue a payment for the first two weeks on Jan. 15, 2021. You will receive the payment as soon as your bank processes it. Sometimes that takes a few days. After that, we will issue payments weekly.
Do I lose benefits when my benefit year ends?
Not necessarily. What you need to do when your benefit year ends depends on your situation and what benefit program you are using. Go to our benefit year end page for more information.
Does the new Act extend the number of weeks of Extended Benefits?
Due to the lower unemployment rate in Washington state, the U.S. Department of Labor has notified us that our state’s Extended Benefits (EB) program is ending March 13, 2021.
If you are receiving Extended Benefits, we will continue to pay Extended Benefits through the benefit week ending March 13, 2021
The U.S. Congress recently passed a new stimulus bill to extend unemployment benefits. You might be eligible for Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC). You should continue to file weekly claims.
For those completing the Potential New Claim (PNC) alerts: Why does my monetary statement say I have a zero weekly benefit amount?
When following the instructions from the potential new claim (PNC) alert you received, you’re filing a new claim in our benefit system. We use this new claim information and check it against the number of hours you worked in the base year used for calculating benefits.
When we are review the new claim, we are looking to see:
- If you worked 680 hours in the new base year; AND
- If since the separation date from your employer on your prior claim, you returned to work and earned six times the new weekly benefit with bona fide employment.
At that point, if you don’t meet these two qualifications, you receive a statement stating you have a zero-benefit amount.
Then the system moves you back to your previous claim and continues your PEUC benefits. You will receive a second statement a short time later stating the weekly benefit amount on your previous claim.
All of this is necessary because federal law requires us to check, and you to attest, when we receive new information about wages earned which may make you eligible for standard Unemployment Insurance benefits.
And as an important reminder, please keep filing your weekly claims.
I applied for a new unemployment claim when my PEUC benefits ran out or because I was prompted to apply in my eServices account. But you want to keep me on PEUC now that those benefits have been extended. Why?
Federal law requires us to make sure we’re paying you unemployment benefits from the right program. Depending on the law, we might need to move you from one program to another.
You should keep submitting weekly claims on whichever claim shows as Active in eServices.
If we move you to your new unemployment claim, we will send you a letter called “PEUC Claim Continuation Determination Letter.”
Specifically, federal law says we must continue to pay you PEUC benefits from your active claim if:
- We decide you are eligible.
- Your benefit year expired after Dec. 27, 2020.
- You have PEUC benefits remaining on that benefit year.
- You qualify for a new unemployment claim in Washington or another state, and the weekly benefit amount on that new claim is at least $25 lower than the weekly benefit on your active claim.
I received a notice saying that I was being moved from PEUC to a regular unemployment claim. Why?
Federal law requires us to make sure we’re paying you unemployment benefits from the right program. Depending on the law, we might need to move you from one program to another.
Because of this change, you could start receiving a different weekly benefit amount. It could be higher or lower than before.
When you moved my PEUC benefits from one claim to another, you told me I had an overpayment. Do I need to pay it back?
No. You don’t need to repay the amount we overpaid you. We’ll send you a letter called an “Overpayment waiver.” Important note: You still might have an overpayment from a previous or future issue. The overpayment waiver we’re talking about here applies only to when we moved your PEUC benefits from one claim to another.
I’m already receiving PEUC benefits. Do I need to do anything to receive the extra weeks of PEUC recently approved by Congress?
All you need to do is continue filing your weekly claims. We’ll pay you PEUC benefits for each week you remain eligible. We might direct you to apply for a new unemployment claim.
I was receiving Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC), but my benefits ran out or are about to run out. What should I do?
Keep filing your weekly claims. If you remain eligible for the program, you will get additional weeks of benefits. You don’t need to reapply for PEUC.
If you have missed five or more weeks of filing for benefits, you can restart your claim. Follow the instructions in eServices.
Important to note: We can’t pay you for weeks you claimed between the time you ran out of benefits and the date the new federal bill took effect. Your extra weeks start the week after the new bill took effect. That means, even if you kept submitting weekly claims after your benefits expired, some of those weeks you submitted will not be payable. Those non-paid weeks will show as Processing in eServices.
I’m on PEUC but my benefit year ended or will end soon. What do I do if I still need benefits?
Watch your eServices account and click the link that tells you to file a new claim. Apply for the new claim.
If you don’t have an eServices account, you can apply for a new unemployment claim by calling the Unemployment Claims Center at 800-318-6022.
When you move me from PEUC to a regular unemployment claim or vice versa, will I still receive the extra $300 per week?
Yes. You will continue to receive the additional $300 of Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation (FPUC) each week you are eligible through Sept. 4, 2021.
I already ran out of PEUC. Do I still get the extra weeks?
Yes. Continue to submit weekly claims and, if you remain eligible, you will get additional weeks of benefits.
Important to note: We can’t pay you for weeks you claimed between the time you ran out of benefits and March 20, 2021, which is when the newest federal stimulus takes effect. Your extra weeks start the week ending March 20. That means, even if you kept submitting weekly claims after your benefits expired, some of those weeks you submitted will not be payable. Those non-paid weeks will show as Processing in eServices.
How does this new law affect my Trade Act benefits?
We don’t know yet. Keep checking our COVID-19 page for the most up-to-date information.
I have been exposed to COVID-19
What if I need to take time off work because I contract COVID-19?
The first and best option for employees who need to miss work due to COVID-19 is to use their employer-paid time off because this can pay 100% of wages. Labor and Industries has information about Paid Sick Leave. When this leave is not available, Paid Family and Medical Leave or federal Pandemic Unemployment Assistance may be available to help. Use our eligibility checker to determine if you might be eligible.
What if I am asked by a medical professional or public health official to quarantine as a result of COVID-19, but I am not sick?
All eligibility decisions must be made on a case-by-case basis. If you are following guidance issued by a medical professional or public health official to isolate or quarantine yourself as a result of exposure to COVID-19 and you are not receiving paid sick leave from your employer, you may be eligible to receive regular unemployment benefits or Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) benefits.
What should I do if I contract COVID-19 on the job?
What is a request to isolate or quarantine?
A request to isolate or quarantine is:
- A letter documenting a voluntary request or involuntary order to isolate or quarantine from a medical professional, local health official, or the Secretary of Health.
- A note from your medical provider or medical records office recommending isolation or quarantine.
- A self-determination that Department of Health’s quarantine guidance applies to you.
- An order from Gov. Inslee to "Stay Home, Stay Healthy."
Do I qualify for unemployment benefits if I become seriously ill and I am forced to quit my job as a result of COVID-19?
If you are too ill to be able and available for work or to work remotely, you do not qualify for regular unemployment benefits. However, you may qualify for federal Pandemic Unemployment Assistance while you are sick. As with any illness, you could be eligible for Paid Family and Medical Leave if your healthcare provider certifies your illness meets the definition of “serious health condition” and you have the qualifying hours. You can learn more in this Q&A. Once you recover and are again able and available for work, you may qualify for unemployment benefits.
My work has changed because of COVID-19
My employer has shut down operations temporarily because an employee is sick and we have been asked to isolate or quarantine as a result of COVID-19. Am I eligible for unemployment benefits?
It depends. Eligibility is determined on a case-by-case basis. If your employer is paying you sick leave or paid time off (PTO) for full-time work, you will not be eligible for unemployment benefits. If you receive paid sick leave or paid time off for fewer than your normal hours worked, you may qualify for partial benefits. Use our eligibility checker to learn more about whether you may qualify for regular unemployment or expanded benefits under the CARES Act.
What if my employer goes out of business as a result of COVID-19?
If your employer goes out of business and you are out of work due to a lack of work, you may be eligible for regular unemployment benefits. Download this checklist to prepare to apply for unemployment.
What if I am temporarily laid off work because business has slowed down as a result of COVID-19?
Eligibility decisions are made on a case-by-case basis. If you are laid off work temporarily or your hours are reduced due to a business slowdown or a lack of demand as a result of COVID-19, you may be able to receive unemployment benefits.
- Standby is a job search waiver. When it is requested by your employer and approved by the department, it allows workers to collect unemployment benefits without needing to search for work. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, job search requirements are currently suspended, which means it is not necessary for claimants or employers to request standby. Once job search requirements are reinstated, claimants and employers may be able to request up to 12 weeks of standby. You can learn more about job search requirements on our job search requirements page.
I am a gig worker. Am I eligible for unemployment?
Maybe! Coverage under Washington's unemployment insurance law is broader than under most other laws. This means that just because you are classified as an independent contractor under some laws does not mean that you are an independent contractor under Washington's unemployment laws. If you are a gig worker who has been laid off or lost work, we encourage you to apply for benefits. We will evaluate each application for eligibility on a case by case basis. If you are not eligible for regular unemployment benefits, you may be eligible for federal Pandemic Unemployment Assistance.
We realize that there are some challenges with the online application because it was not designed for the way gig workers work. For now, fill it out the best that you can.
If you decide to apply for benefits, to help speed the process for determining your eligibility and potential benefit amount, please be prepared to gather your payment records from the last tax year to provide to the claims staff.
What documents should I upload if I am self-employed, am an independent contractor, or work with a business that doesn't report my hours and wages to ESD?
Here are examples of documents you can upload:
- 1040 – Single Filing
- 1040 – Joint Filing
- 1065 Schedule K-1
- Schedule C
- Schedule F
To be clear, these must be for 2019. We cannot use 2018 information. Even if you have not filed the forms with the IRS yet, due to the extension, please send ESD the 2019 information.
My existing unemployment claim has been impacted by COVID-19
I received a letter saying that I need to schedule and attend a required appointment with an employment specialist at WorkSource. Do I still need to schedule and attend?
Yes. As of Jan. 11, 2021, you must schedule and attend a virtual online or phone appointment if you receive the letter. The only exception:
- If you have returned to work full time, you don’t need to schedule the appointment. Before the deadline, you must call or email the WorkSource office listed in your letter. Give us your employer’s name, address, phone number and the date you started work.
If you have returned to work part time, you still need to schedule and attend the virtual online or phone appointment.
Carefully follow instructions in the letter. If you don’t schedule and attend the virtual online or phone appointment, we may deny your unemployment benefits and you may have to repay some or all of the benefits you received.
During your appointment, we will help you with your resume, retraining information, referrals to in-demand jobs, and more. We will make your time worthwhile! Research shows that people who use WorkSource get back to work sooner and earn higher wages than people who don’t.
How am I supposed to meet deadlines related to my existing unemployment claim if I am in isolation or quarantine as a result of COVID-19?
Under the emergency rules we put into place as a result of COVID-19, we are providing more leniency for many unemployment deadlines, such as deadlines for training programs. Submit your documents as soon as you are able and provide as much information as you can. Progress reports for training programs can be submitted with whatever information you have available. For example, if your school has closed, return your paperwork and tell us.
How long do I need to wait to be eligible for unemployment benefits?
Typically, you do not get paid for the first week you are eligible for unemployment benefits. This is called the waiting week. However, under the CARES Act, the federal government is reimbursing states so the first week you are eligible for unemployment insurance will now be paid. Because an emergency proclamation by the Governor expired on Dec. 28, 2020, people whose waiting weeks ended Jan. 9, 2021 or later didn’t get paid for that week.
On May 7, 2021, a new rule waives the waiting week for anyone with an unpaid waiting week ending Jan. 9, 2021 or later.
In the week following May 7, anyone whose waiting week was unpaid for Jan. 9, 2021 or later will get back paid for that week the same way benefits are paid.
The new rule to waive the unpaid waiting week will stay in effect until further notice.
If I’ve been collecting unemployment benefits and either I or a family member gets sick with COVID-19, what options do I have for benefits if I need to recover or must provide care for someone?
If you have been receiving unemployment benefits and are now sick with COVID-19 or need to take care of a loved one who is sick with COVID-19, you may not be considered able and available for work. However, you may be eligible for federal Pandemic Unemployment Assistance. You also can apply for benefits with Paid Family and Medical Leave. You cannot receive both unemployment benefits (regular or pandemic) and Paid Family and Medical Leave during the same week. You need to stop claiming unemployment benefits when you start receiving Paid Family and Medical Leave. Cancellation of your unemployment claim is not necessary. Please visit Paid Family and Medical Leave's website for more information. If you receive Paid Family and Medical Leave benefits for fewer than your normal work hours, federal Pandemic Unemployment Assistance may be available for the difference in hours. Eligibility decisions for both unemployment and Paid Family and Medical Leave are made on a case-by-case basis.
Why am I getting letters that tell me different information than the website?
Because of the COVID-19 crisis, requirements to look for work, request standby, and attend some WorkSource appointments have been temporarily suspended. Our automated letters haven’t been changed yet. You don’t have to worry about work search and standby letters. Make sure to read and follow the instructions on all other letters you get.
The first and best option for workers affected by school closures is employer-paid time off. When that is not an option, Employment Security may be able to help by providing access to unemployment benefits. Unemployment benefits can provide a partial wage replacement as a last resort. Below is information for teachers, school administrative staff, school support staff (i.e., janitors, cafeteria workers, bus drivers), and those with children impacted by school closures.
The school I work at is closed due to the Governor’s order to close. Am I eligible for unemployment benefits?
Eligibility decisions are made on a case-by-case basis. If you are being paid while your school is closed, you can apply for benefits, but you may be considered fully employed and not eligible. If your school is not paying you while it is closed, you may be eligible for benefits. You will not be able to use your school wages during a scheduled break if it’s determined you have reasonable assurance to return to work following the break. You must be able and available for work that can be done while following the recommendations from the state Department of Health during each week you claim.
My child’s school is closed due to the Governor’s order to close. Am I eligible for unemployment benefits?
It depends. Your first and best option is employer-paid time off because it will pay 100% of your wages. However, if you cannot go to work because you don’t have childcare for your child while school is closed, and you do not have the ability to telework, you should call your employer and let them know why you are absent. If your employer fires you or lays you off while you are absent, you may qualify for benefits. However, you are required to be able and available for work that can be performed while following the recommendations from the state Department of Health each week you collect unemployment benefits. If you do not have childcare to enable you to return to your job or accept a work offer, you will not be eligible for regular unemployment benefits, but you may be eligible for benefits under Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) a part of the federal CARES Act. Let us know if your situation changes.
When is my child’s school considered “closed”?
If your child’s school is using a full-time remote learning model or a hybrid of remote learning and in-person classes, the school is considered closed. If the school is open, but you choose to keep your child home for remote learning, the school is considered open.
I am a substitute teacher who is no longer able to secure work with a school because of the closures. Am I eligible for unemployment benefits?
Eligibility decisions are made on a case-by-case basis. You may be eligible for unemployment. Factors we consider include whether your school is open and, during a scheduled break, whether you have reasonable assurance to return to work with a school employer after the break. You must be able and available for work that can be performed while following the recommendations from the state Department of Health during each week you claim. Or you could be eligible for federal Pandemic Unemployment Assistance. Take a look at the eligibility checker on the "unemployment" page of the website for more on whether you can be eligible for expanded benefits under the federal Pandemic Unemployment Assistance part of the CARES Act.
Am I eligible for benefits?
It depends. Eligibility decisions are made on a case-by-case basis. The best thing you can do to find out if you’re eligible for benefits is apply. Many people who usually can’t get unemployment benefits now can. Check your eligibility and learn more about Pandemic Unemployment Assistance and the federal CARES Act, which expands unemployment benefits to people impacted by COVID-19.
Returning to work questions
Please visit the Return to work page for a range of resources for workers and employers, including frequently asked questions from workers and information on situations where an employee may decline to return to work.
Return to COVID-19 Page